Emerald is one of the most valuable and beautiful gemstones that are used in the manufacture of various types of high-end jewelry and accessories. The green color in it represents the color of life, nature and growth, while between seasons it represents the spring season, which is characterized by blooming flowers, peace and beauty. An interesting fact is that high quality emeralds can sometimes exceed the value and beauty of some diamonds. Historically, these stones have been used since ancient times and for this particular reason, emeralds are very popular in museums and art collections. For example: The New York Museum of Natural History includes a cup made of pure emerald, which was owned by one of the famous families historically there. than other metals. We will discuss with you how the emerald stone is formed and the reasons related to that process in nature in the following lines.
Beryl is the main component of stone Emerald
The emerald stone is formed as with other gemstones. From a number of rare minerals in nature, including beryl, which is one of the basic stones that enter into the formation of some gemstones, and it is an essential element in the formation of emerald stone . The chemical name for beryllium mineral is beryllium aluminum silicate, a rare and hard-to-find mineral found in nature, found in parasitic stones and stones of igneous origins such as granite cavities. Other forms of beryl are also found in metamorphic rocks where the basic beryl elements (beryllium, aluminum, and silicates) are present. How does emerald get its color? The element chromium is what gives emeralds their beautiful green color, and it is the same element that turns corundum into ruby. Of course, the basis of the mineral composition of emerald differs from the composition of sapphire. As the chromium in the crystal reticle absorbs a different color from the visible spectrum of each stone, whether emerald or sapphire; As this element reflects the red color on the ruby stones to acquire this color a distinctive color for them, while it reflects the green color on the emerald stones.
Emerald stone formation process
Emerald crystals, as with other natural gem crystals, are formed as one part at a time. Each part of these stones is placed in a crystal matrix in optimal conditions to suit them. Emerald formation requires sufficient time, as well as sufficient space to allow for better formation. The emeralds that are being mined now are in fact a relic of geological events that occurred millions of years ago in the depths of the Earth’s crust. Emerald crystals may also form in hydrothermal environments, if special conditions for its formation are available, in addition to the necessary elements (beryllium). A hydrothermal environment arises when hydrothermal fluids dump magma deep into the Earth’s crust. These fluids may contain sufficient concentrations of the elements necessary to build a natural emerald crystal.
When the emerald-forming process begins; Provided they are in optimal conditions, emerald crystals may begin to crystallize as the veins of hydrothermal sediments cool due to fractures and cracks. Colombian emeralds are often shaped in the same way. Many of these columbine stones are associated with deposits of calcite, which is also formed during the hydrothermal process. However, not all emeralds are formed in this environment, as some stones differ from others of the same type.
Some emeralds are formed in sediments of pegamite (a type of igneous rock), and pegage looks like water veins However, the main element involved in the formation of the hydrothermal environment is hot water, while the main element in pegamite is lava or molten rock. As the molten material begins to cool, some solution is left in the remaining liquid. when the necessary elements are present and ideal conditions exist; Emerald stones may form in this case. Because of the rarity of high-quality emeralds, Mother Nature must provide its own conditions for its formation.
Emerald as a mineral
Emerald is a type of mineral, as There are many types of minerals, some of which are common and known, and some are rare. Almost all the rocks that you see on the surface of the earth, and the ones in the interior are made of minerals. To understand this; We have to know what minerals are first.
Minerals are made up of several sorts of atoms, and numerous minerals may generate gemstones using the same type of atom. As previously stated, emerald requires a type of atom known as beryllium, which is extremely uncommon. The right temperature and pressure must be present in order to obtain high-quality emeralds. The temperature and pressure underground rise as well; the deeper we travel into the Earth’s interior, the higher the temperature and pressure. As a result, emeralds are created in the earth’s core in regions with the proper temperature and pressure, as well as adequate beryllium.
Emerald is similarly made up of four major elements found deep inside the earth’s crust: aluminium, silicon, and oxygen. These elements are found in veins packed with heated water, and when the conditions are favourable, emerald crystals form.