Obsidian, also called obsidian, is a natural gemstone that occurs in nature without human intervention based on natural factors. It is formed in igneous rocks. Obsidian forms when lava from a volcano cools rapidly, with the minimum necessary for crystal growth. It is commonly found on the margins of lava flows known as obsidian flows, where the chemical composition (high silica content) causes an increase in viscosity, which, upon rapid cooling, leads to the formation of natural lava glass. The inhibition of atomic diffusion through this highly viscous lava explains the lack of crystal growth. Obsidian is a brittle, amorphous stone that is broken with sharp edges and handled with care. In the past, it was used to manufacture precision cutting and engraving tools. Obsidian is a powerful antiseptic stone characterized by its smog-like appearance that is evident in the stone’s aura, and is considered a gemstone used in Protection and maintenance of a balance of feelings and inner energy. In addition, according to strong beliefs, it helps protect against negative energies, stimulates optimism, brings positive energy and stimulates energy and activity. Obsidians are used by many astronomy experts and crystals for their belief in its healing and wish-fulfilling properties.
|stone name||Obsidian, obsidian|
|the color||Dark black, shades of black|
|chemical composition||SiO2 in addition to the oxides Ca, Na, K|
|Effects||iridescence, cat’s eye|
Characteristics of Obsidian Stone
- Obsidian is also known as “nature’s glass” due to its vitreous appearance.
- When obsidian breaks, the fractures are very sharp, which is why they were used as cutting tools in the Stone Age.
- Seventy percent of the stony rocks are made of silica. Obsidian can only form near active volcanoes.
- Sometimes the Obsidian comes out directly from the volcanoes.
- The best types are configured Obsidian is underground near volcanic vents because it has limited inclusions.
- Obsidian flows are so slow that often other obsidian flows occur on top of each other causing a zigzag line in
- Obsidian stones.
- Small gas bubbles that trap water enter the formation of the obsidian.
- Although most of the rocks that form in the earth’s crust is very old, yet obsidian rarely exceeds its age 674 A million
- years old and is considered small in relation to the rocks.
- passes Obsidian, by a process called denitrification, turns from glass to stone.
- Obsidian is used as a gemstone in jewelry and to decorate statues and decorations Unconventional.
- For centuries, obsidian has been successfully used by astronomers and crystallologists to enhance their spiritual aspects.
- It is considered a very powerful chakra stone, has a strong frequency, helps in energy balance.
It is considered a powerful protection stone that helps protect against negative energies.
Rough Obsidian Shape
Black Obsidian is also known as Agate vitreous, obsidian, vitreous lava stone, wa Lazaga, and royal opal. Due to the nature of its composition of lava that flows quickly from the volcano, it is considered a stone with strong energy and symbolizes the elements of earth, water and fire. Spear and arrowheads as well as some other cutting tools. It was also used by some in the Stone Age, spiritualists, laborers, alchemists, and Native Americans because of the belief in its healing ability. You can get it in different forms as it is widely used in the jewelry industry.
- Obsidian colors
- (Dark Black)
- light black
- dark brown
- (Black tinged with green)
- Blue-tinged black
- black tinged with red
- (Black tinged with orange)
Black with yellow tinged The black color in Obsidian is the common color for it, while other colors are rare to find and find It is in nature and the appearance of other colors with black is due to the presence of impurities during the formation of the stone.
Characteristics of Natural Obsidian Stone
- Along the edges of the lava flow
- Along the edges of the volcanic dome (outcrop)
- around the edges of the threshold or Dam (Intrusive)
- Where the lava touches the water (the outcrop)
Where the lava cools during the air (outcrop) Done Obsidian is found in many locations around the world. Its locations are limited to areas with volcanic activity. Obsidian older than a few million years is rare because vitreous rocks are rapidly destroyed or altered by weather and heat as well as other external factors. The countries from which the Obsidian is extracted are
United States of America
- New Zealand (Papuagina)
- El Salvador
Annular fracture causes obsidian to break into pieces with curved surfaces. This type of fracturing can produce rock fragments with very sharp edges. These sharp parts may be the reason behind its use in ancient times such as the Stone Age.
It is believed that the first use of obsidian by ancient peoples occurred when a sharp piece of it was used as a cutting tool. Then they discovered how to skilfully break obsidian to produce cutting tools in a variety of shapes and then used obsidian to make knives, arrowheads, spear points, scrapers, and many other weapons and tools. Stone Uses Obsidian has quickly become the raw material of choice for producing almost anything sharp. Where it was one of the most searched for stones during ancient mining. It is believed that all the protrusions and locations of natural obsidian known today were discovered and used by the ancient people. Obsidian Jewelery Shape The manufacture of obsidian tools by humans dates back to the Stone Age. In some locations, tons of obsidian reveal the presence of ancient “factories”. Some of these sites contain enough waste debris to indicate that many people worked there for decades producing a variety of glass bodies used to make knife blades, and scrapers. Obsidians were highly valued in ancient civilizations as they were willing to mine and transport it over distances of up to a thousand miles. Archaeologists have been able to document the geography of this trade by matching the characteristics of obsidian in the outcrops with those of obsidian in the cutting tools. A study conducted by the Idaho National Laboratory used X-ray examiner composition studies to determine the source protrusions of obsidian artifacts and map their use. Obsidian in the jewelry industry
Obsidian is a popular gemstone that is usually cut into beads and cabochons and used to make crumbling stones. Obsidian is sometimes coated and polished into beads that have light-reflecting properties. Some transparent specimens are coated to increase the demand for opaque obsidian.
Obsidian is used to a limited extent in jewelry because of its durability, as it has a hardness of 6 Mos, which Makes it easy to scratch.
- It also lacks durability and can be easily broken and cut when exposed to shocks.
- Because of its durability It is also not classified as a stone of durability suitable for rings and bracelets.
- But despite that it is used in those types of jewelry because of the beliefs in its abilities.
- Obsidian’s hardness makes it relatively easy to carve.
- Obsidian sculptors have used masks, small carvings, and statues for thousands of years.
- The use of It is not suitable for it in the manufacture of jewelry that is not exposed to external factors to a large extent,
- such as earrings, pins and pendants.
- Obsidian MythsHelps in decision-making
- Helps in emotional healing Helps clean the aura
- Helps cleanse negative emotionsHelps release excess energy
- (Achieving stability)
- Bring protection
- Helps to think (Improve memory)Strengthening sexual ability Self development